Qualification type National Diploma Level: Bac +8 (8 years of university studies) Duration It normally takes three years after obtaining a Master's Degree to obtain a PhD.
Pre-requisites Candidates must hold a "Research" Master's Degree or a title deemed to be equivalent by the University's Doctoral Studies Committee (Commission des Etudes Doctorales de l'Université).
Further study and/or Job opportunities Employability within the public or private sector.
Educational approach Doctoral studies are organised within Graduate Schools, which coordinate research training and education through conducting research in a scientific field. The Graduate Schools draw upon the human potential for thesis supervision in university laboratory support teams, bringing together public research bodies (CNRS, CEA, INSERM etc.) around major scientific projects. Theses on a research subject validated by the relevant Graduate School are prepared in a recognised research laboratory, supervised by a thesis supervisor authorised to direct research (University Professors, a Research Manager from a public research body or someone with a Habilitation qualification - accreditation to supervise research). Alongside their research, PhD students will be offered diverse activities by the Graduate School, providing them with the means to complete their scientific education through high-level classes and seminars as well as sufficiently preparing them for employability through modules that pave the way to certain occupations and the socio-economic world.